Using a walker
It is important to start walking soon after a leg injury or surgery. But you will need support while your leg is healing. A walker can give you support as you start to walk again.
There are many types of walkers.
Your surgeon or physical therapist will help you choose the type of walker that is best for you.
If your walker has wheels, you will push it forward to move forward. If your walker does not have wheels, then you will need to lift it and place it in front of you to move forward.
All 4 tips or wheels on your walker need to be on the ground before you put your weight on it.
Look forward when you are walking, not down at your feet.
Use a chair with armrests to make sitting and standing easier.
Make sure your walker has been adjusted to your height. The handles should be at the level of your hips. Your elbows should be slightly bent when you hold the handles.
Ask your health care provider for help if you are having problems using your walker.
How to Walk with Your Walker
Follow these steps to walk with your walker:
Repeat steps 1 through 4 to move forward. Go slowly and walk with good posture, keeping your back straight.
Going from Sitting to Standing
Follow these steps when you get up from a sitting position:
Going from Standing to Sitting
Follow these steps when you sit down:
Stepping Up or Down a Step or Curb
When you go up or down stairs:
When walking, start with your weaker leg. If you had surgery, this is the leg you had surgery on.
When going up a step or curb, start with your stronger leg. When going down a step or curb, start with the weaker leg: "Up with the good, down with the bad."
Keep space between you and your walker, and keep your toes inside your walker. Stepping too close to the front or tips or wheels may make you lose your balance.
Make changes around your house to prevent falls:
Check the tips and wheels of your walker daily and replace them if they are worn. You can get replacements at your medical supply store or local drug store.
Attach a small bag or basket to your walker to hold small items so that you can keep both hands on your walker.
DO NOT try to use stairs and escalators unless a physical therapist has trained you how to use them with your walker.
Edelstein J. Canes, crutches, and walkers. In: Webster JB, Murphy DP, eds. Atlas of Orthoses and Assistive Devices. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2019:chap 36.
Meftah M, Ranawat AS, Ranawat AS, Caughran AT. Total hip replacement rehabilitation: progression and restrictions. In: Giangarra CE, Manske RC, eds. Clinical Orthopaedic Rehabilitation. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 66.
Review Date: 5/13/2019
Reviewed By: Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Family Medicine, UW Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
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