Your child's first vaccines
All content below is taken in its entirety from the CDC Multiple Vaccines Vaccine Information Statement (VIS): Your Child's First Vaccines: What you need to know: www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/vis/vis-statements/multi.html.
CDC review information for Multi Pediatric Vaccines: Your Child's First Vaccines: What you need to know (VIS):
Page last reviewed: January 10, 2017.
Page last updated: October 18, 2016.
Issue date of November 5, 2015.
Content source: National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW
The vaccines covered on this statement are those most likely to be given during the same visits during infancy and early childhood. Other vaccines (including measles, mumps, and rubella; varicella; rotavirus; influenza; and hepatitis A) are also routinely recommended during the first five years of life.
Your child will get one or more of these vaccines today:
[ ] DTaP
[ ] Hib
[ ] Hepatitis B
[ ] Polio
[ ] PCV13
(Provider: Check appropriate boxes)
1. Why get vaccinated?
Vaccine-preventable diseases are much less common than they used to be, thanks to vaccination. But they have not gone away. Outbreaks of some of these diseases still occur across the United States. When fewer babies get vaccinated, more babies get sick.
7 childhood diseases that can be prevented by vaccines:
1. Diphtheria (the 'D' in DTaP vaccine)
2. Tetanus (the 'T' in DTaP vaccine; also known as Lockjaw)
3. Pertussis (the 'P' in DTaP vaccine, also known as Whooping Cough)
4. Hib (Haemophilus influenzae type b)
5. Hepatitis B
7. Pneumococcal Disease
Children usually catch these diseases from other children or adults, who might not even know they are infected. A mother infected with hepatitis B can infect her baby at birth. Tetanus enters the body through a cut or wound; it is not spread from person to person.
Vaccines that protect your baby from these seven diseases:
Your health care provider might offer some of these vaccines as combination vaccines -- several vaccines given in the same shot. Combination vaccines are as safe and effective as the individual vaccines, and can mean fewer shots for your baby.
2. Some children should not get certain vaccines
Most children can safely get all of these vaccines. But there are some exceptions:
Talk to your doctor before your child gets:
DTaP vaccine, if your child ever had any of these reactions after a previous dose of DTaP:
PCV13 vaccine, if your child ever had a severe reaction after a dose of DTaP (or other vaccine containing diphtheria toxoid), or after a dose of PCV7, an earlier pneumococcal vaccine.
3. Risks of a Vaccine Reaction
With any medicine, including vaccines, there is a chance of side effects. These are usually mild and go away on their own. Most vaccine reactions are not serious: tenderness, redness, or swelling where the shot was given; or a mild fever. These happen soon after the shot is given and go away within a day or two. They happen with up to about one half of vaccinations, depending on the vaccine.
Serious reactions are also possible but are rare.
Polio, Hepatitis B and Hib Vaccines have been associated only with mild reactions.
DTaP and Pneumococcal Vaccines have also been associated with other problems:
After any vaccine:
Any medicine can cause a severe allergic reaction. Such reactions from a vaccine are very rare, estimated at about 1 in a million doses, and would happen within a few minutes to a few hours after the vaccination.
As with any medicine, there is a very remote chance of a vaccine causing a serious injury or death.
The safety of vaccines is always being monitored. For more information, visit: www.cdc.gov/vaccinesafety.
4. What if there is a serious reaction?
What should I look for?
Signs of a severe allergic reaction can include hives, swelling of the face and throat, and difficulty breathing. In infants, signs of an allergic reaction might also include fever, sleepiness, and disinterest in eating. In older children, signs might include a fast heartbeat, dizziness, and weakness. These would usually start a few minutes to a few hours after the vaccination.
What should I do?
Afterward, the reaction should be reported to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS).Your doctor should file this report, or you can do it yourself through the VAERS web site at www.vaers.hhs.gov, or by calling 1-800-822-7967.
VAERS does not give medical advice.
5.The National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program
The National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP) is a federal program that was created to compensate people who may have been injured by certain vaccines.
People who believe they may have been injured by a vaccine can learn about the program and about filing a claim by calling 1-800-338-2382 or visiting the VICP website at www.hrsa.gov/vaccine-compensation/index.html. There is a time limit to file a claim for compensation.
6. How Can I Learn More?
Contact the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC):
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Vaccine information statement: your child's first vaccines. www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/vis/vis-statements/multi.html. Updated October 18, 2016. Accessed January 31, 2018.
Review Date: 10/8/2017
Reviewed By: Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA, Clinical Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
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