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Moxifloxacin (By injection)

Moxifloxacin (mox-i-FLOX-a-sin)

Treats infections and plague (including pneumonic and septicemic plague). This medicine is a quinolone antibiotic.

Brand Name(s):

Avelox I.V.

There may be other brand names for this medicine.

When This Medicine Should Not Be Used:

This medicine is not right for everyone. You should not receive it if you had an allergic reaction to moxifloxacin or other quinolone antibiotics.

How to Use This Medicine:

Injectable

  • Your doctor will prescribe your dose and schedule. This medicine is given through a needle placed in a vein. This medicine must be given slowly so the needle should stay in place for at least an hour.
  • A nurse or other health provider will give you this medicine.
  • This medicine should come with a Medication Guide. Ask your pharmacist for a copy if you do not have one.
  • Your doctor may give you a few doses of this medicine until your condition improves and then switch you to an oral medicine that works the same way.

Drugs and Foods to Avoid:

Ask your doctor or pharmacist before using any other medicine, including over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.

  • Some medicines can affect how moxifloxacin works. Tell your doctor if you are using any of the following:
    • Arsenic, cisapride, erythromycin
    • Blood thinner (including warfarin)
    • Insulin or oral diabetes medicines (including glyburide)
    • Medicine for depression or mental illness
    • Medicine for heart rhythm problems (including amiodarone, procainamide, quinidine, sotalol)
    • NSAID pain or arthritis medicine (including aspirin, celecoxib, diclofenac, ibuprofen, naproxen)
    • Steroid medicine (including hydrocortisone, methylprednisolone, prednisone)

Warnings While Using This Medicine:

  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding, or if you have kidney disease, liver disease, diabetes, heart disease, myasthenia gravis, brain problems, a history of heart rhythm problems (including prolonged QT interval), seizures, or mental illness. Tell your doctor if you have ever had tendon or joint problems, including rheumatoid arthritis, or if you have received a transplant.
  • This medicine may cause the following problems:
    • Tendinitis and tendon rupture (may happen after treatment ends)
    • Nerve damage in the arms or legs, which may become permanent
    • Changes in mood or behavior, seizures, or increased pressure in the head
    • Serious skin reactions
    • Kidney problems
    • Heart rhythm changes
    • Changes in blood sugar levels
  • This medicine may make you dizzy or lightheaded. Do not drive or do anything else that could be dangerous until you know how this medicine affects you.
  • This medicine can cause diarrhea. Call your doctor if the diarrhea becomes severe, does not stop, or is bloody. Do not take any medicine to stop diarrhea until you have talked to your doctor. Diarrhea can occur 2 months or more after you stop taking this medicine.
  • This medicine may make your skin more sensitive to sunlight. Wear sunscreen. Do not use sunlamps or tanning beds.
  • Call your doctor if your symptoms do not improve or if they get worse.
  • Your doctor will do lab tests at regular visits to check on the effects of this medicine. Keep all appointments.

Possible Side Effects While Using This Medicine:

Call your doctor right away if you notice any of these side effects:

  • Allergic reaction: Itching or hives, swelling in your face or hands, swelling or tingling in your mouth or throat, chest tightness, trouble breathing
  • Blistering, peeling, red skin rash
  • Change in how much or how often you urinate, cloudy or bloody urine
  • Chest pain, fast, slow, or uneven heartbeat
  • Dark urine or pale stools, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, stomach pain, yellow skin or eyes
  • Diarrhea that may contain blood
  • Fainting, dizziness, or lightheadedness
  • Numbness, tingling, weakness, or burning pain in your hands, arms, legs, or feet
  • Pain, stiffness, swelling, or bruises around your ankle, leg, shoulder, or other joints
  • Seizures, severe headache, unusual thoughts or behaviors, trouble sleeping, feeling anxious, confused, or depressed, seeing, hearing, or feeling things that are not there
  • Sensitivity of the skin to sunlight, redness or other discoloration of the skin, severe sunburn
  • Shaking, trembling, sweating, hunger, confusion

If you notice these less serious side effects, talk with your doctor:

  • Mild diarrhea or nausea
  • Pain, swelling, or redness where the needle is placed

If you notice other side effects that you think are caused by this medicine, tell your doctor

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088


Last Updated: 5/1/2020

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