Deciding about an IUD
An intrauterine device (IUD) is a small, plastic, T-shaped device used for birth control. It is inserted into the uterus where it stays to prevent pregnancy.
Contraception - IUD; Birth control - IUD; Intrauterine - deciding
Types of IUDs
You have choices for what type of IUD to have. Talk with your health care provider about which type may be best for you.
How IUDs work
Both types of IUDs prevent sperm from fertilizing an egg.
Progestin-releasing IUDs also works by:
Pros and cons
IUDs have certain benefits.
There are also downsides.
IUDs do not appear to increase the risk for pelvic infection. They also do not affect fertility or increase the risk for infertility. Once an IUD is removed, fertility is restored.
Things to think about
You may want to consider an IUD if you:
You should not consider an IUD if you:
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Hormonal IUD. Association of Reproductive Health Professionals. www.arhp.org/MethodMatch/details.asp?productId=3. Accessed November 29, 2016.
Centers of Diseases Control and Prevention website. Morbidity and mortality weekly report (MMWR). www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr6205a1.htm. Updated June 20, 2013. Accessed November 29, 2016.
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Yoost J. Understanding benefits and addressing misperceptions and barriers to intrauterine devices access among populations in the United States. Patient Prefer Adherence. 2014;8:947-957. PMID: 25050062 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25050062.
Review Date: 11/11/2016
Reviewed By: Irina Burd, MD, PhD, Associate Professor of Gynecology and Obstetrics at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
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