HPV has also been linked to other kinds of cancers, including vaginal, vulvar, penile, anal, mouth and throat cancers.
Vaccine - HPV; Immunization - HPV; Gardasil; Cervarix; HPV2; HPV4; Vaccine to prevent cervical cancer; Genital warts - HPV vaccine; Cervical dysplasia - HPV vaccine; Cervical cancer - HPV vaccine; Cancer of the cervix - HPV vaccine; Abnormal Pap smear - HPV vaccine; Vaccination - HPV vaccine
HPV is a common virus that is spread through sexual contact. There are several types of HPV. Many of the types do not cause problems. Some types of HPV can lead to:
Three vaccines are approved:
Both vaccines protect against the two types of HPV that cause most cases of cervical cancer. Other, less common types of HPV can also cause cervical cancer.
HPV4 (Gardasil) also protects against two other types of HPV that cause most cases of genital warts in women and men.
These vaccines do not treat cervical cancer.
WHO SHOULD GET THIS VACCINE
HPV4 (Gardasil) is approved for:
HPV2 (Cervarix) is approved for:
Girls ages 11 and 12 should receive the HPV vaccine series:
Girls and women ages 13 to 26:
Boys ages 11 to 12 should receive the HPV4 (Gardasil) vaccine series:
Boys and men ages 13 to 21:
Men ages 22 to 26:
Pregnant women should not receive this vaccine. However, there have been no problems found in women who received the vaccine during pregnancy, before they knew they were pregnant.
The most common side effects are fainting, dizziness, nausea, headache, and skin reactions at the site where the shot was given.
WHAT ELSE TO THINK ABOUT
The HPV vaccine does not protect against all types of HPV that can lead to cervical cancer. Girls and women should still receive regular screening (Pap test) to look for precancerous changes and early signs of cervical cancer.
The HPV vaccine does not protect against other infections that can be spread during sexual contact.
Talk to your provider if:
Committee on Infectious Diseases. Policy Statement: HPV vaccine recommendations. Pediatrics. 2012;129(3):602-605. PMID: 22371460 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22371460.
Committee Opinion No. 641: human papillomavirus vaccination. Obstet Gynecol. 2015;126(3):e38-e43. PMID: 26287792 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26287792.
Kim DK, Bridges CB, Harriman KH; Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP); Advisory committee on immunization practices recommended immunization schedule for adults aged 19 years or older: United States, 2016. Ann Intern Med. 2016;164(3):184-194. PMID: 26829913 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26829913.
Robinson CL; Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), ACIP Child/Adolescent Immunization Work Group. Advisory committee on immunization practices recommended immunization schedules for persons aged 0 through 18 years -- United States, 20165. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2016;654(4):86-87. PMID: 26845283 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26845283.
Review Date: 4/5/2016
Reviewed By: Irina Burd, MD, PhD, Associate Professor of Gynecology and Obstetrics at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
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