Testicle pain is discomfort in one or both testicles. The pain can spread into the lower abdomen.
Pain - testicle; Orchalgia; Epididymitis; Orchitis
The testicles are very sensitive. Even a minor injury can cause pain. In some conditions, abdominal pain may occur before testicle pain.
Common causes of testicle pain include:
Mild pain may be caused by fluid collection in the scrotum, such as:
Non-urgent causes of testicle pain, such as minor injuries and fluid collection, can often be treated with home care. The following steps may reduce discomfort and swelling:
Preventive measures to take:
When to Contact a Medical Professional
Sudden, severe testicle pain needs immediate medical care.
Call your provider right away or go to an emergency room if:
Also call your provider right away if:
What to Expect at Your Office Visit
Your provider will do an exam of your groin, testicles, and abdomen. Your provider will ask you questions about the pain such as:
The following tests may be performed:
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Montgomery JS, Bloom DA. The diagnosis and management of scrotal masses. Med Clin North Am. 2011;95:235-244. PMID: 21095426 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/ 21095426.
Trojian TH, Lishnak TS, Heiman D. Epididymitis and orchitis: an overview. Am Fam Physician. 2009;79(7). PMID: 19378875 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19378875.
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Review Date: 8/31/2015
Reviewed By: Jennifer Sobol, DO, urologist at the Michigan Institute of Urology, West Bloomfield, MI. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
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