Acrodysostosis is an extremely rare disorder that is present at birth (congenital). It leads to problems with the bones of the hands, feet, and nose, and intellectual disability.
Arkless-Graham; Acrodysplasia; Maroteaux-Malamut
Most people with acrodysostosis have no family history of the disease. However, sometimes the condition is passed down from parent to child. Parents with the condition have a 1 in 2 chance of passing the disorder to their children.
There is a slightly greater risk with fathers who are older.
Symptoms of this disorder include:
Exams and Tests
The health care provider can usually diagnose this condition with a physical exam. This may show:
In the first months of life, x-rays may show spotty calcium deposits, called stippling, in bones (especially the nose). Infants may also have:
Two genes have been linked with this condition, and genetic testing may be done.
Treatment depends on the symptoms.
Hormones, such as growth hormone, may be given. Surgery to treat bone problems may be done.
Problems depend on the degree of skeletal involvement and intellectual disability. In general, people do well.
Acrodysostosis may lead to:
When to Contact a Medical Professional
Call your child's provider if signs acrodystosis develop. Make sure your child's height and weight are measured during each well-child visit. The provider may refer you to:
Jones KL, Jones MC, Del Campo M. Other skeletal dysplasias. In: Jones KL, Jones MC, Del Campo M, eds. Smith's Recognizable Patterns of Human Malformation. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2013:560-593.
Silve C, Clauser E, Linglart A. Acrodysostosis. Horm Metab Res. 2012;44(10):749-758. PMID: 22815067 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22815067.
Review Date: 10/30/2016
Reviewed By: Anna C. Edens Hurst, MD, MS, Assistant Professor in Medical Genetics, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
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