Cystitis - noninfectious
Cystitis is a problem in which pain, pressure, or burning in the bladder is present. Most often, this problem is caused by germs such as bacteria. Cystitis may also be present when there is no infection.
Abacterial cystitis; Radiation cystitis; Chemical cystitis; Urethral syndrome - acute; Bladder pain syndrome; Painful bladder disease complex; Dysuria - noninfectious cystitis; Frequent urination - noninfectious cystitis; Painful urination - noninfectious
The exact cause of noninfectious cystitis is often unknown. It is common in women of childbearing age.
The problem has been linked to:
Certain foods, such as tomatoes, artificial sweeteners, caffeine, chocolate, and alcohol, can cause bladder symptoms.
The same symptoms are present with something called painful bladder syndrome or interstitial cystitis.
Common symptoms include:
Other symptoms may include:
Exams and Tests
A urinalysis may reveal red blood cells (RBCs) and some white blood cells (WBCs). Urine may be examined under a microscope to look for cancerous cells.
A urine culture (clean catch) is done to look for a bacterial infection.
A cystoscopy (use of lighted instrument to look inside the bladder) may be done if you have:
The goal of treatment is to manage your symptoms.
This may include:
Other things that may help include:
Most cases of cystitis are uncomfortable, but the symptoms most often get better over time.
Complications may include:
When to Contact a Medical Professional
Call your health care provider if:
Avoid products that may irritate the bladder such as:
If you need to use such products, try to find those that do not cause irritation for you.
Carter C. Urinary tract disorders. In: Rakel RE, Rakel D, eds. Textbook of Family Medicine. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2016:chap 40.
Hanno PM. Painful bladder syndrome (interstitial cystitis) and related disorders. In: Wein AJ, Kavoussi LR, Partin AW, Peters CA, eds. Campbell-Walsh Urology. 11th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2016:chap 14.
Review Date: 3/28/2016
Reviewed By: Scott Miller, MD, urologist in private practice in Atlanta, GA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
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