Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is a disease that involves purple spots on the skin, joint pain, gastrointestinal problems, and glomerulonephritis (a type of kidney disorder).
Immunoglobulin A vasculitis; Leukocytoclastic vasculitis; HSP
HSP is caused by an abnormal response of the immune system. The result is inflammation in the microscopic blood vessels in the skin. Blood vessels in the joints, kidneys, or the intestines may also be affected. It is unclear why this occurs.
The syndrome is mostly seen in children between ages 3 and 15 years, but it may be seen in adults. It is more common in boys than in girls. Many people who develop this disease had an upper respiratory infection in the weeks before.
Symptoms and features of HSP may include:
Exams and Tests
The health care provider will look at your body and look at your skin. The physical exam will show skin sores (purpura, lesions) and joint tenderness.
Tests may include:
There is no specific treatment. Most cases go away on their own. Joint pain may improve with NSAIDS such as naproxen. If symptoms do not go away, you may be prescribed a corticosteroid medicine such as prednisone.
The disease most often gets better on its own. Two thirds of children with HSP have only one episode. One third of children have more episodes. People should have close medical follow-up for 6 months after HSP to look for signs of kidney disease.
Complications may include:
When to Contact a Medical Professional
Call your provider if:
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Review Date: 4/24/2017
Reviewed By: Gordon A. Starkebaum, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
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