Tonsil and adenoid removal
The purpose of this tool is to help you decide whether your child should have tonsils and/or adenoids removed. When making your decision, you must balance:
This tool is not a substitute for professional medical care and advice. Work with your doctor to help you make this decision. A second opinion from another doctor may be valuable. Surgery always carries risks, and you should be fully informed about the risks and benefits of this type of surgery. You should also be aware that research evidence is often limited, and the risks of surgery may not be completely understood. For this type of surgery, there is usually no exact “right” or “wrong” answer.
Your doctor may make certain recommendations to you. However, the final decision about whether to have the surgery rests with you.
What is the surgery?
The tonsils and adenoids help protect against infections. However, children with large tonsils or adenoids may have frequent sore throats and ear infections, or nightly breathing problems. In these cases, surgery to remove them may be helpful. This is particularly true when the problems are so frequent or severe that they affect a child's general health or interfere with school, hearing, or breathing.
Keep in mind that many doctors believe tonsils are removed more often than necessary. Therefore, the decision should be carefully considered.
The adenoids are frequently removed at the same time as the tonsils. The adenoids are located high in the throat, near the back of the nose.
The surgery is performed under general anesthesia. This means your child will be unconscious and pain-free. The surgeon holds the mouth open to expose the tonsils. The tonsils are then cut or burned away. Bleeding is controlled, and the cut heals naturally without stitches.
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What this tool will provide
Review Date: 9/12/2010
Reviewed By: Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, University of Washington, School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.
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