Cervix cryosurgery is a surgical treatment to freeze and destroy abnormal tissue in the cervix.
Cervix surgery; Cryosurgery - female; Cervical dysplasia - cryosurgery
Cryotherapy is done in the health care provider's office while you are awake. You may have slight cramping and flushing in the face, however cryosurgery is mostly painless.
To perform the procedure:
An "ice ball" forms on the cervix, killing the abnormal cells. For the treatment to be most effective:
Why the Procedure is Performed
This procedure may be done to:
Your provider will help you to decide if cryosurgery is right for your condition.
Risks for any surgery are:
Cryosurgery may cause scarring of the cervix, but most of the time it is very minor. More severe scarring may make it more difficult to get pregnant, or cause increased cramping with menstrual periods.
After the Procedure
You might feel lightheaded right after the procedure. If this happens, lie down flat on the examination table so that you do not faint. This feeling should go away in a few minutes.
You can resume almost all of your normal activities right after surgery.
For 2 to 3 weeks after the surgery, you will have a lot of watery discharge caused by the shedding (sloughing) of the dead cervical tissue.
You may need to avoid sexual intercourse and using tampons for several weeks.
Avoid douching, because douching can cause severe infections in the uterus and tubes.
Your provider should do a repeat Pap test or biopsy at a follow-up visit to make sure that all abnormal tissue was destroyed.
You may need more frequent Pap smears for the first 2 years after cryosurgery for cervical dysplasia.
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Practice Bulletin No. 140: management of abnormal cervical cancer screening test results and cervical cancer precursors. Obstet Gynecol. 2013;122(6):1338-1367. PMID: 24264713 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24264713.
Lewis MR, Pfeninger JL. Cyrotherapy of the cervix. In: Pfenninger JL, Fowlder GC, eds. Pfenninger & Fowler's Procedures for Primary Care. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Mosby; 2011:chap 138.
Noller KL. Intraepithelial neoplasia of the lower genitaltract (cervix, vulva): etiology, screening, diagnostic techniques. In: Lentz GM, Lobo RA, Gershenson DM, Katz VL, eds. Comprehensive Gynecology. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Mosby; 2012:chap 28.
Review Date: 4/5/2016
Reviewed By: Irina Burd, MD, PhD, Associate Professor of Gynecology and Obstetrics at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
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